Did you know?
Standard Operating Procedure requirements are laid out in the Canadian Aviation Regulations for both Basic and Advanced Category pilots.
We’ve summarized the requirements below so you can double check your procedures to ensure they meet the mandated requirements. Remember – Advanced pilots will have their procedures checked during a flight review so make sure you have them all in there! 
For more guidance on SOP including examples, check out our SOP Guide which is included in any of our bundled packages!

Site Survey requirements are laid out in CAR 901.27:

No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft system unless, before commencing operations, they determine that the site for take-off, launch, landing or recovery is suitable for the proposed operation by conducting a site survey that takes into account the following factors: 

(a) the boundaries of the area of operation;
(b) the type of airspace and the applicable regulatory requirements; 
(c) the altitudes and routes to be used on the approach to and departure from the area of operation; 
(d) the proximity of manned aircraft operations; 
(e) the proximity of aerodromes, airports and heliports; 
(f) the location and height of obstacles, including wires, masts, buildings, cell phone towers and wind turbines 
(g) the predominant weather and environmental conditions for the area of operation; and 
(h) the horizontal distances from persons not involved in the operation.


CAR 901.23 states that these processes are required.

(1) No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft system unless the following procedures are established:

(a) normal operating procedures, including pre-flight, take-off, launch, approach, landing and recovery procedures;


CAR 901.28 has some additional details

A pilot of a remotely piloted aircraft shall, before commencing a flight,

(a) ensure that there is a sufficient amount of fuel or energy for safe completion of the flight;
(b) ensure that each crew member, before acting as a crew member, has been instructed

(i) with respect to the duties that the crew member is to perform, and
(ii) on the location and use of any emergency equipment associated with the operation of the remotely piloted aircraft system; and

(c) determine the maximum distance from the pilot the aircraft can travel without endangering aviation safety or the safety of any person.


CAR 901.23 states that emergency procedures are required

(1) No pilot shall operate a remotely piloted aircraft system unless the following procedures are established:

(b) emergency procedures, including with respect to

(i) a control station failure,
(ii) an equipment failure, 
(iii) a failure of the remotely piloted aircraft, 
(iv) a loss of the command and control link, 
(v) a fly-away, and 
(vi) flight termination.

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